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If you asked a skilled pilot about how they reached this point and their motivation source in their journey, the answer is often the guidance of a flight instructor. 

A flight instructor is a person who’s responsible for producing future-ready efficient pilots. Being one of the critical careers, there are certain privileges and limitations of a flight instructor. Read on as we discuss them, along with the main five responsibilities every instructor must fulfill.  


What Are The Privileges And Limitations Of A Flight Instructor?

Here are the main flight instructor privileges as laid down by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). 

Can train and issue endorsements for:

    • Pilot certificate
    • Student pilot certificate
    • Flight instructor certificate
    • Ground instructor certificate
    • Instrument rating
    • Aircraft rating
    • Practical and knowledge test

Is credible to accept:

    • A student pilot certificate application 
    • An application for an individual with a pilot certificate 
    • A remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating

Is further authorized to verify:

    • The eligibility requirements for a student pilot certificate 
    • The eligibility requirements for a remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating

Besides the above flight instructor privileges, below are some of its limitations. 

  • A flight instructor can’t conduct 8+ hours of training within 24 hours. 
  • An instructor can’t train in any aircraft without a flight instructor certificate and a pilot certificate with an acceptable class rating and category
  • An instructor can’t train in an aircraft that calls for a type rating on the student certificate unless the instructor holds that specific type rating on their certificate. 
  • If the flight instructor hasn’t flown a multiengine airplane, helicopter, or a powered lift for at least 5 hours as pilot in command, they can’t offer training for the certificate to fly the same make and model. 
  • The instructor can offer ground training if:
    • They have a ground training certificate with the appropriate rating and the certificate is at least 24 calendar months old or has completed at least 40 hours of ground training or at least 100 hours of ground training in an FAA-approved course
  • An instructor must have a flight instructor certificate with the applicable rating and pass the mandatory proficiency tests to issue a flight instructor rating. 

5 Main Responsibilities Of Aviation Instructors

To make learning a joyful experience for the learner, here are the five main responsibilities of aviation instructors listed by the FAA. 

Help Aspiring Pilots Learn

A flight instructor should make each training lesson a pleasurable experience without dropping the levels of professionalism. This will, in turn, maintain high motivation levels in the aspiring pilot

Provide Adequate Information

An instructor should provide adequate information to the learner by tailoring their teaching method according to the learner’s thinking ability and personality. However, since not every learner is alike, a particular teaching method may not yield identical results for everyone. What Are The Privileges And Limitations Of A Flight Instructor?

Train To The Standards Of Performance

An instructor should train each learner to the specified standards in all subject matters and procedures of aviation. 

Promote A Positive Image

Aviation instructors should conduct themselves positively to seed a positive impression on the learner. Furthermore, this further goes ahead in establishing a positive image of aviation. 

Minimize Learner Frustration

Equally important, an instructor should target minimizing the learner’s frustration in the shop, classroom, or during training. Some basic tips to minimize learners’ frustration are:

  • Maintain high motivation levels
  • Treat learners as individuals 
  • Criticize, but constructively
  • Give credit when due 

What makes a good flying instructor?

Good flying instructors possess the following qualities:

  • Integrity
  • Strong communication skills
  • Strong listening skills
  • Positive mindset
  • Encouraging attitude 
  • Thorough domain knowledge
  • Patient

So, here you go. The above privileges must entice you to explore the world of flight training. But some limitations are there as well, knocking on your door. Nevertheless, it’s worth adding a commercial rating to your certificate by joining Angle Of Attack – your premiere commercial ground school.


Karey Ciel

Karey grew up and obtained her in private pilot’s license in Central Iowa. She fell in love with tailwheel aircraft during her primary training and obtained a tailwheel endorsement the week following her private pilot checkride. She is eager to obtain her seaplane rating and is merging her passion for flying with her prior work career. Karey has a background in marketing, editing, and web design after graduating from Simpson College. When she is not flying or working, Karey enjoys anything related to technology and admits she can be a bit of a nerd. She also has discovered a love for virtually all outdoor pursuits, with a special fondness for climbing, shooting, and hiking.


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